Pig survivability project to reshape pork industry
Increasing wean-to-finish survival of pigs 1% would add approximately 1.2 million pigs each year to U.S. industry.
A research project led by the Iowa Pork Industry Center at Iowa State University will seeks to increase pork producers’ profits by improving the survivability of their animals.
Jason Ross, the Lloyd L. Anderson professor in animal science and director of the Iowa Pork Industry Center, will lead the project that includes scientists from Iowa State, Kansas State University and Purdue University. The National Pork Board and the Foundation for Food & Agriculture Research (FFAR) are providing nearly $2 million for the five-year study.
“This project is a great example of industry leadership coming together to address emerging issues through university and industry research partnerships,” Ross said.
Across the pork industry, an estimated 30-35% of pigs born die before reaching the market, creating significant economic losses for farmers, Iowa State said. Research indicates that mortality rates across all phases of production have been increasing, presenting a major challenge to animal well-being and sustainability.
An interdisciplinary team of nutritionists, physiologists, veterinarians, well-being and behavior experts, geneticists, toxicologists, extension specialists and economists, will examine the causes of mortality occurring on commercial swine farms, Iowa State said.
The project seeks a full understanding of the biological mechanisms that limit pig and sow survivability, how they interact and how they can be effectively improved.
The project’s overarching goal through effective research and extension activities is to improve swine survivability by 1% or more each year. Increasing the wean-to-finish survival of animals by 1% would represent an estimated gain in productivity of approximately 1.2 million pigs a year for the nation’s swine industry.
The research team objectives include:
* Evaluate producers’ management attitudes and economics associated with improving survivability in U.S. swine production;
* Identify the causes of mortality on U.S. sow farms to support development and implementation of targeted strategies to maximize survivability;
* Define factors that influence wean-to-finish survivability and implement management strategies based on production-based research, and
* Develop national extension, outreach and education resources and strategies to encourage adoption and implementation of management practices to improve survivability in pork production.
“The members of the animal science and welfare committees of the National Pork Board recognize improving pig health, welfare and productivity are keys in extending pig survivability,” said Chris Hostetler, director of animal science for the National Pork Board. “While this project is slated to last five years, it is the vision of the committees that this effort will fundamentally shape the way pigs are raised to provide safe, wholesome pork far into the future.”
“We know that improving survivability will increase the efficiency and environmental sustainability of the whole industry, but solutions need to be economically feasible,” said Tim Kurt, FFAR scientific program director.
Another aspect of the project is the significant effort placed on training future industry leaders, Iowa State said. This includes graduate students and staff but is also expected to employ many undergraduate and veterinary students through internship programs.
“Increasing sow and piglet survivability is one of the most intractable issues facing the pork industry. While this is a clear animal welfare problem, it is also one of the most important productivity and economic issue for producers,” added FFAR executive director Sally Rockey.
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